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Popular Baits and Traps for Household Pests

Baits and traps are an effective method for both professional and DIY pest control as they target a wide range of different pests, including rodents, ants, cockroaches, and silverfish. These products typically work by luring the desired pest with an enticing smell or bait to a trap containing either glue or a toxic substance the pest will ingest.


Several types of insect and rodent baits are available on the market, each with unique properties and uses tailored to target the individual pest lured in or designed to be carried back to a nest to eliminate the infestation.


Here is a breakdown of the most common types of traps and baits available:

Liquid/Gel Baits

These baits are a popular choice for controlling ants and cockroaches as they are easier to apply in tight and hard-to-reach areas around the house. Both are applied in a liquid state through a plunger or syringe-like device and either remains in its liquid form or hardens into a gel. These types of baits are attractive to these pests because they mimic the smells and textures of food and are easy for the pests to consume quickly.

Solid Baits

Solid baits are a good option for controlling pests that either do not consume liquids or are more inclined to chew, such as silverfish, beetles and rodents. These baits are usually made of a small block or pellet that contains chemicals toxic to these pests. They should be placed in areas near where the pests have been spotted – often dark secluded spaces such as drawers or behind bookcases and shelving units.  

Powder/Granular Baits

This is another popular poison-based baiting option that mimics the scent and appearance of food and is often orientated towards ants and rodents. These baits are applied in a powder form either directly onto the ground or other surfaces or placed inside a bait station or tray.

Glue Boards

These traps are lined with a strong adhesive to capture and hold pests in place. They are a popular option recommendation among professional pest controllers and are often placed out of sight behind fridges, under sofas and replaced intermittently if a pest has been caught. It’s a popular option for cockroaches, flies and other small insects however larger boards can be used for rodents.

Snap Traps

This is your classic mechanical trap that is nearly everyone’s go to visualisation when thinking about pest traps. While cheese isn’t necessarily going to be the best lure for a mouse or rat, the quick spring-loaded bar holds up to its reputation. While these traps are not always the most effective for larger rodent infestations, they do act fast against individual vermin and are easy to obtain from most hardware stores.

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Live Traps

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As the name implies, these traps aim to capture an animal without causing harm or death so that it can be released back into its natural habitat once at a suitable distance from your home. Predominantly used for snakes, possums and other native animals, these traps allow pest controllers to humanely relocate animals that have found their way onto your property or even inside your home.

Electric Traps

Despite the misconception that moths and other flying insects are attracted by the bright light these traps emit, the high-voltage current does eliminate pests quickly and efficiently. While these traps are often associated with flying insects, electric traps designed for rodents are available for consumer purchase however can be costly compared to other options.

Convenient and Effective Ways to Control Pests

Baits and traps are a convenient and effective way to control pests, but it’s important to use them correctly to ensure their effectiveness and the safety of your home or office.


Below are some basic tips to always be aware of before and during your use of any DIY bait or trap:

  • Use the right bait for the right pest. Make sure that you choose a bait that is specifically formulated for the type of pest you are trying to control. Not only will using the wrong bait prove to be ineffective it may inadvertently attract more of the wrong type of pest.


  • Follow the instructions on the label. Always carefully read and follow the instructions on the original label of the bait or trap to ensure that it is applied safely and effectively.


  • Use the bait and traps in the right locations. Place baits and traps in areas where the pests have been seen or in likely hiding spots such as the garage, behind fridges, shelves and other dark secluded locations.


  • Keep the bait fresh. Check and replace baits and lures when necessary to avoid them drying out or getting mouldy (this will make them less attractive to the pests)


  • Monitor the bait or trap. It’s important to regularly see if the bait or trap is successful and thus needs replacing. By monitoring how frequently you are using a certain type of bait or trap, you can understand the level of infestation and the success of your pest control methods.

These products can be a useful tool for controlling pests, but it’s important to use them properly and in conjunction with other pest control methods, such as sealing entry points as well as removing food sources and shelter. Poison baits should be used with caution as they are dangerous and can prove fatal if ingested by pets.


If you are unable to control the pest population on your own with reasonable use of the above baits and traps, hire a professional pest control company to provide you with safe and reliable treatment options.

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